Upstream Transportation Documents
The IRI constitution
*Article 44
The economic system of the IRI is based on government, cooperative, and private sectors, and has a thoughtful and detailed planning.
The government sector includes all major industries, heavy industries, foreign trade, large mines, banking, insurance, supply of energy, dams and large water supply networks, radio and television, post, telegraph and telephone, airlines, shipping lines, roads and railways, and the like which are under the government control as public ownership.
*General policies of article 44 of the IRI constitution
2- Investment, ownership, and management in the said fields shall be authorized at the top of article 44 of the Constitution by public non-governmental agencies and bodies as well as cooperative and private sectors as follows:
2-7 - Roads and railroads
2-8 - Airlines (transportation by air) and shipping lines (transportation by sea)
The optimal share of governmental and non-governmental sectors in the activities at the top of article 44 shall be defined according to the Constitution taking into account the preservation of government sovereignty, country's independence, social justice, and economic development.
Iran's 20-year Vision Plan
(2025 horizon)
*Developed, consistent with its cultural, geographical, and historical circumstances, relying on ethical principles and Islamic, national, and revolutionary values, with due emphasis on religious democracy, social justice, legal freedoms, and observance of people's value and rights, and enjoying social and judicial security
* Possessing advanced knowledge, capable of producing science and technology, relying on the premier contribution of human resources and social capital in national production
Safe, independent, and powerful, with a defensive system based on multilateral deterrence, and attachment between people and the government
* Having ranked first in economic, scientific and technological fields in southwestern Asian region (including central Asia, Caucasus, Middle East and neighboring countries) focusing on software movement and production of science, accelerated and continuous economic development, relative improvement in per capita income, and achieving full employment
General policies of the government in transportation sector
(Communicated by the supreme leader, forwarded in 2000)
1- Formation of a comprehensive transportation system and specification of the shares of each subsection, prioritizing railroad transportation, and taking the following points into account:
- Economic, defensive and security considerations
- Lower energy usage

- Reduction of environmental pollution
- Safety enhancements
- Creating balance and proportionality between infrastructures, fleet, navigational equipment and demands
2- Increasing productivity to reach the highest level through development and improvement of transportation, management, manpower and information system.
3 - Development and improvement of transportation network taking the following points into account:
- Networking approach to development of axes
- Preparation of lands
- Defensive and security consideration
- National profitability

- Transit situation of the country
- Demand
4- Paving the way to attract local and foreign investments as well as encouraging public participation and expansion of insurance coverage in all activities of this sector
5- Achieving higher market share in the international transportation market
Rules and regulations related to
Construction & Development of Transportation Infrastructures
*The law on the implementation of civil projects of Roads and Transportation sector through participation of banks and other financial and monetary resources of the country along with the supplement, and the executive bylaws thereof
Approved on 15/11/1987 by the Islamic Consultative Assembly
Approved on 27/4/1988 by the Board of Ministers
*The law on encouragement and support of foreign investment in Iran
Approved on 2002 by the Expediency Council
The Fifth Five-year Plan of Development
* Half percent annual increase in research and study budget to rise to 3% of GNP by the end of the Fifth Plan and increasing the entrance of bachelor's degree graduates to higher education programs up to 20%
Article 16 of the law, paragraphs D, and E
*To rank second in science and technology in the region and to stabilize it in the fifth plan
Article 16 of the law
*Effective relation between universities and research centers with industry and the related sectors of the society
Article 16 of the law
*To empower non-governmental sector to participate in production of science and technology through:
Financially supporting demand-centered researches in conjunction with universities and higher education institutes, research and technology centers, and scientific hubs
Article 17 of the law, paragraph A
To financially support small and medium sized private and cooperative companies in the field of science and technology
Article 17 of the law, paragraph B
Sufficient legal support of foreign parties of international contracts and foreign investors to transfer the know-how
Article 17 of the law, paragraph C
To financially support student theses and dissertations
Article 17 of the law, paragraph E
To pay part of the fees for registration of inventions, production of expertise, and so on
Article 17 of the law, paragraph F
*To increase the productivity quota in economic growth to one third by the end of the plan, and form National Productivity Organization of Iran in order to prepare the Comprehensive Productivity Plan and to approve the same in the Cabinet and notify to executive bodies
Article 79 of the law:
*Usage of foreign financial facilities by executive bodies during the plan within the framework of prior years' budget regulations and also usage of buyback transaction to secure financial resources of the plans
Article 82 of the law, paragraphs A and B
*To financially secure infrastructure government development projects through issuance of corporate bonds, etc.
Article 83 of the law, paragraphs A and B
*All executive bodies shall be bound to comply with the technical criteria, rules and regulations as well as national standards in implementation of their technical and civil projects.
It shall be impermissible for executive bodies subject to the present article to purchase any goods and services bound by mandatory standards lacking Iranian National Standard mark
Article 155 of the law
*The requirement to review the environmental effects of major production, service, and civil plans and projects prior to implementation
Article 192 of the law
*Compliance with the principles of Non-factor Defense in design and implementation of sensitive and key plans, or plans under scrutiny as well as infrastructure installations, key structures, and the main vital routes of the country
Article 201 of the law, paragraph K
*Implementation of the Technical and Executive Scheme approved in 2006
Article 214 of the law, paragraph A
*Utilization of novel and appropriate executive methods in implementation of projects
Article 214 of the law, paragraph B
*The requirement to implement Quality Management and Value Engineering Systems in major and medium projects from the second year of the plan
Article 214 of the law, paragraph C
*To obtain permission of Article 215 Commission for appropriation plans of new investment assets from the Department of Planning and Strategic Control
Article 215 of the law
*To transfer investment assets appropriation plans and the exploitation and/or acquisition thereof to non-governmental sector
Article 220 of the law, paragraphs A, B, C, D
Budget Act of the year 2013
*To permit the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development to finance about 5 billion dollars externally in order to upgrade railways to high-speed lines and to supply the fleet
Article 33 of the law, paragraph 2
*To authorize subsidiary companies affiliated with the ministries of Roads and Urban Development, Energy, Petroleum, and so forth, to sell corporate bonds with their own guaranties
Article 38 of the law, paragraph 1
*To authorize the government to issue corporate bonds up to fifty thousand billion Rials with its own guaranty as well as the debt service in order to implement the exploitative plans
Article 39 of the law
*To bind the executive bodies to allocate 1% to 3% of their credits for the implementation of research and technological plans
Article 116 of the law
*To bind executive bodies to utilize the capacities of non-governmental sector in order to implement appropriation and asset plans and projects by adopting appropriate executive methods and concluding the needed contracts
Article 126 of the law

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